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Table 3 Phase 1: Variables available from EMR for Clustering/Matching Patients

From: Acupuncture and chiropractic care for chronic pain in an integrated health plan: a mixed methods study

Types/duration of pain condition(s)
Pain severity
Comorbid conditions (e.g., depression, obesity)
Demographics (age, gender, race, marital status, employment status)
Receipt of pain-related disability compensation
Overall healthcare service use
Prescription medications received (e.g., short and long-acting opiates, sedatives, hypnotics, and antidepressants)
Pain-related procedures received (injections, imaging, and surgeries)
Pain-related visits (primary and specialty care including physical therapy)
ER/urgent care visits
Prior use of health insurance reimbursed CAM
Characteristics of primary care provider (e.g., degree [MD, DO, NP] frequency of CAM referrals, gender)