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Table 2 Phenol and flavonoid concentrations of hydroalcoholic geopropolis extracts

From: Antimicrobial activity against oral pathogens and immunomodulatory effects and toxicity of geopropolis produced by the stingless bee Melipona fasciculata Smith

Extract City Total Phenol % (± SD) a, b Total Flavonoids % (± SD) a, c
HAE-1 Fernando Falcão 67.4 (2.0) d 1.07 (0.04) f
HAE-2 Palmeirândia 14.6 (2.3) e 2.91 (0.22) d
HAE-3 São Bento 51.2 (3.9) f 1.11 (0.01) f
  1. a Results are expressed as the average of assays carried out in triplicate.
  2. b Expressed as percentage of gallic acid.
  3. c Expressed as percentage of quercetin.
  4. d, e, f Values followed by different superscripts are significantly different from each other (p < 0.05; Tukey test).