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Table 2 CAM use by selected characteristics (n = 4032)

From: The use of complementary and alternative medicine products in preceding two days among Finnish parents - a population survey

Characteristic Vitamins and minerals n (%) Fish oils and fatty acids n (%) Probiotics n (%) Homeopathics n (%) Other* n (%)
Age, years p = 0.136 p < 0.001 p = 0.504 p = 0.584 p < 0.004
   Under 30 (n = 686) 110 (16.0) 42 (6.1) 13 (1.9) 3 (0.4) 32 (4.7)
   30-39 (n = 2126) 406 (19.1) 253 (11.9) 57 (2.7) 16 (0.8) 149 (7.0)
   40 and over (n = 1172) 202 (17.2) 160 (13.7) 28 (2.4) 10 (0.9) 103 (8.8)
Gender p < 0.001 p = 0.178 p = 0.084 p = 0.646 p = 0.001
   Male (n = 177) 12 (6.8) 12 (6.8) 0 0 7 (4.0)
   Female (n = 3808) 703 (18.5) 445 (11.7) 98 (2.6) 30 (0.8) 279 (7.3)
Prescribed medicine use p = 0.219 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p = 0.065 p < 0.001
   No prescribed medicine use (n = 2409) 419 (17.4) 236 (9.8) 41 (1.7) 23 (1.0) 143 (5.9)
   One or more prescribed medicines (n = 1591) 301 (18.9) 221 (13.9) 58 (3.6) 7 (0.7) 145 (9.1)
OTC medicine use p = 0.22 p = 0.266 p = 0.183 p = 0.743 p = 0.007
   No OTC medicine use (n = 3078) 531 (17.3) 362 (11.8) 83 (2.7) 24 (0.8) 202 (6.6)
   One or more OTC medicines (vitamins not included) (n = 893) 184 (20.6) 93 (10.4) 17 (1.9) 6 (0.7) 82 (9.2)
Education p < 0.001 p = 0.172 p = 0.079 p = 0.019 p = 0.074
   Junior high school or less (≤ 9 years) (n = 252) 35 (13.9) 20 (7.9) 1 (0.4) 0 9 (3.6)
   Senior high school/vocational school (11-13 years) (n = 2456) 403 (16.4) 291 (11.8) 61 (2.5) 13 (0.5) 179 (7.3)
   Polytechnic, college or university degree (≥ 15 years) n = 1291) 281 (21.8) 145 (11.2) 36 (2.8) 16 (1.2) 97 (7.5)
Working status p < 0.001 p = 0.006 p = 0.175 p = 0.052 p = 0.057
   Working or studying (n = 2698) 440 (16.3) 328 (12.2) 68 (2.5) 14 (0.5) 199 (7.4)
   Home with children (n = 1119) 251 (22.4) 101 (9.0) 31 (2.8) 14 (1.3) 69 (6.2)
   Not working (including persons on sick leave, retired, and unemployed) (n = 194) 31 (16.0) 29 (14.9) 1 (0.5) 2 (1.0) 21 (10.8)
Monthly net income of the household in euros p = 0.003 p = 0.534 p = 0.261 p = 0.062 p = 0.918
   ≤ 1999 € (n = 797) 116 (14.6) 84 (10.5) 12 (1.5) 7 (0.9) 54 (6.8)
   € 2000-2999 (n = 1292) 223 (17.3) 144 (11.1) 34 (2.6) 15 (1.2) 98 (7.6)
   € 3000-3999 (n = 1419) 294 (20.7) 177 (12.5) 40 (2.8) 5 (0.4) 105 (7.4)
   € 4000-10000 (n = 347) 63 (18.2) 40 (11.5) 8 (2.3) 1 (0.3) 25 (7.2)
  1. *Includes, e.g., preparations for cold; ginger preparations; preparations for warts, muscle pain, dieting, stomach function, and constipation; aloe vera products; other ointments