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Table 3 Effect of each plant extract combined with various antibiotics on growth of resistant E. coli.

From: Effect of ethnomedicinal plants used in folklore medicine in Jordan as antibiotic resistant inhibitors on Escherichia coli

    %Growth on Combination with antibiotica(± SE)b
  Family Plantc Blankd Amo* Chl* Neo* Doxy* Clarith* Ceph* Nal*
1 Capparidaceae Capparis spinosa L 100 68.5 ± 4.6 75.9 ± 5.0 70.2 ± 2.9 40.5 ± 6.6 100 ± 4.2 76.8 ± 9.1 59.5 ± 5.7
2 Compositae Artemisia herba-alba Asso. 100 85.9 ± 3.5 77.8 ± 2.5 50.1 ± 4.5 30.7 ± 8.3 65.9 ± 3.5 68.9 ± 4.9 77.9 ± 7.1
3 Compositae Echinops polyceras Boiss 100 75.5 ± 2.2 85.9 ± 4.7 85.2 ± 2.3 40.5 ± 6.4 70.9 ± 5.7 79.9 ± 4.8 60.9 ± 5.1
4 Compositae Gundelia tournefortii L 100 50.9 ± 8.8 60.9 ± 2.8 75 ± 3.7 30.5 ± 4.6 52.5 ± 5.1 80.8 ± 8.4 89 ± 4.2
5 Compositae Varthemia iphionoides Boiss & Blanche 100 49 ± 4.9 60.1 ± 6.3 70.5 ± 5.4 64.0 ± 8.4 85.5 ± 6.2 60.9 ± 2.0 70.9 ± 2.4
6 Cruciferae Eruca sativa Mill. 100 70.9 ± 6.5 51.6 ± 8.6 88.9 ± 2.3 25.5 ± 7.5 70.5 ± 4.2 60.5 ± 3.2 84.6 ± 4.9
7 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia macroclada L. (latex) 100 100.2 ± 1.7 80.8 ± 6.4 90.1 ± 8.4 45.7 ± 5.9 80.5 ± 8.1 72.5 ± 7.6 99.7 ± 8.1
8 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia macroclada L. (plant) 100 120.1 ± 6.3 80.8 ± 2.5 68.9 ± 3.9 26.2 ± 8.3 65.9 ± 4.7 89.9 ± 7.6 103 ± 2.8
9 Gittiferae Hypericum androsaemum L 100 77.9 ± 1.5 55.9 ± 2.6 75.8 ± 3.5 6.5 ± 7.4 89.9 ± 5.5 67.8 ± 8.4 92.0 ± 3.9
10 Labiateae Achillea santolina L. 100 70.5 ± 3.6 75 ± 3.3 61 ± 2.6 25 ± 4.9 70.2 ± 2.5 65.4 ± 5.6 75 ± 4.6
11 Labiateae Mentha piperita L. 100 75.1 ± 2.5 64.9 ± 4.5 97.8 ± 2.2 25.5 ± 1.9 100 ± 3.5 90.6 ± 7.3 84.9 ± 2.5
12 Labiateae Origanum syriacum L. 100 100 ± 4.9 70.9 ± 7.5 70.2 ± 6.5 30.6 ± 7.3 60.5 ± 5.6 55.8 ± 4.5 85.9 ± 3.2
13 Labiateae Phlomis brachydon (Boiss.) Zohary 100 90.6 ± 2.4 100 ± 5.2 100 ± 4.6 30 ± 3.9 87.5 ± 6.2 60.1 ± 7.3 70.9 ± 5.1
14 Labiateae Teucrium polium L. 100 68.9 ± 5.8 77.9 ± 2.5 85.5 ± 3.8 40.5 ± 7.3 70.5 ± 4.9 80.5 ± 2.6 96.9 ± 3.8
15 Leguminosae Anagyris foetida L 100 69 ± 5.4 80.9 ± 4.6 90.6 ± 3.6 50.5 ± 5.4 89.9 ± 2.6 89.9 ± 4.2 99.9 ± 3.9
16 Leguminosae Trigonella foenum- graecum L. 100 100 ± 8.4 88.9 ± 5.9 100 ± 3.2 55.5 ± 2.6 100 ± 7.1 90.5 ± 7.6 92.7 ± 7.2
17 Theaceae Thea sinensis L. 100 85.9 ± 4.8 50.8 ± 6.1 70.7 ± 5.1 15.0 ± 2.5 75.8 ± 3.9 90 ± 4.5 104 ± 2.5
18 Malvaceae Hibiscus sabdariffa L 100 120 ± 4.1 82.8 ± 5.6 85.5 ± 5.5 40.5 ± 6.4 80.7 ± 5.0 89.9 ± 6.4 80.5 ± 8.4
19 Umbelliferae Lepidium sativum L. 100 50.9 ± 1.9 67.9 ± 7.9 89.9 ± 6.2 40.5 ± 3.7 50.9 ± 6.1 70.7 ± 4.7 90.1 ± 2.6
20 Umbelliferae Pimpinella anisum L. 100 90.6 ± 3.3 66.9 ± 4.3 77.6 ± 1.6 25.5 ± 5.2 60.5 ± 4.2 84.6 ± 8.3 89.9 ± 4.9
  1. aAmoxicillin (Amo), Chloramphenicol (Chl), Neomycin(Neo), Doxycycline (Doxy), Clarithromycin (Clarith), Cephalexin (Ceph) and Nalidixic acid (Nal).
  2. bSE standard error
  3. cplant extracts concentrations was (200 μg/ml)
  4. * Antibiotics concentrations were half the MICs (presented in Table 2)
  5. c Blank containing the solvent with the nutrient agar and the bacteria (allowed full growth of the microorganism (100%).