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Table 3 Effects of Tualang honey on serum estradiol, progesterone, free testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) after 2 weeks administration

From: The effects of tualang honey on female reproductive organs, tibia bone and hormonal profile in ovariectomised rats - animal model for menopause

  SHAM OVX THL (0.2 g/kg) THM (1.0 g/kg) THH (2.0 g/kg)
Estradiol (pg/ml) 14.82 (13.00) 12.58 (9.00) 7.42 (6.00) 7.55 (8.00) 5.21 (0.01)
Progesterone (ng/mg) 14.59 (13.00)* 4.28 (4.00) 6.18 (14.00) 3.72 (4.00) 8.92 (11.00)
Free testosterone (pg/ml) 0.27 (0.01)** 0.03 (0.01) 0.05 (0.01)* 0.04 (0.01) 0.05 (0.10)
FSH (mlU/ml) 0.53 (0.01) 0.63 (0.01) 0.43 (1) 0.61 (0.01) 0.4 (0.01)
LH (mlU/ml) NDa ND ND ND ND
  1. SHAM = Sham-operated Control rats; OVX = overictomised non-honey treated Control rats
  2. THL = Tualang Honey, low dose; THM = Tualang Honey, medium dose; THH = Tualang Honey, high dose
  3. All values are expressed as the median (IR).
  4. a Kruskal - Wallis test.
  5. *P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01 vs. OVX (Mann-Whitney U - test)
  6. aNot detectable (values below detection limit).