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Table 1 Properties of Unani plants used in this study

From: Oxidative DNA damage preventive activity and antioxidant potential of plants used in Unani system of medicine

Family Common name1/2 Botanical name Parts used Uses Class of compound Name of compound
Capparidaceae Dog mustard/Hurhur Cleome icosandra Seed3, leaves, flower It is vata and kapha suppressant, a good pain reliever, also a good antibacterial and antiwormal, reduces pus formation in the wounds, helpful in convulsions, has a good effect on digestive tract and improves indigestion condition in the body, increases sweating in the body Coumarino-lignans Cleomiscosin A, C,
Rosaceae Golap/Gulab Rosa damascena Petals3 Gulkhand made by the mixture of rose petals and white sugar in equal proportion act as the tonic and laxative, used as herbal tea in the treatment of cold and cough Components of Essential oil
Flavonol and their glycosides
Flavonoid
Citronellol, Geraniol, Linalool etc.
Glycosides of Kaempferol and Quercetin
Quercetin, Kaempferol
Cyperaceae Umbrella's edge/Nagarmotha Cyperus scariosus Root3 Intestinal disorders, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, desiccant, cordial, and stomachic properties, treatment of gonorrhea Essential Oils Some volatile compounds reported till date from the oil are atchoulanol, selina-4, etc.
Rubiaceae Gummy gardenia/Dikamali Gardenia gummifera Resin3 Kapha skin disease, indigestion, worm infestation, diarrhea and infections, the resin has antiseptic property Flavonoids, Flavone
Seco-cycloartenol derivatives
Gardenin E
Dikmaliartanes
Pinaceae Himalayan fir/Dodimma Abies pindrow Bark3, leaves, trunk Disorders with inflammatory system Proanthocyanidins Potential rich sources up to 5% of bark weight
Valerianaceae Gilgiti valerian/Ganeshpawrobati Valeriana wallichii Roots3 Antisplasmodic, stimulant, calmative and stomachic, useful in diseases of eye and liver, used as a remedy for hysteria, hypochondriasis, nervous unrest and emotional arrest, also useful in clearing voice and acts as a stimulant in advance stage of fever and nervous disorder Essential oil and volatile oil
Iridous
0.3-1% volatile oil content
Valtrate, didrovaltrate, acetovaltate, etc.
Apocynaceae Tellycherry bark/Kurchi Holarrhena antidysenterica Bark3 The bark is used as an astringent, anthelmintic, antidontalgic, stomachic, febrifuge, antidropsical, diuretic, in piles, colic, dyspepsia, chest affections and as a remedy in diseases of the skin and spleen, use as a well-known drug for amoebic dysentery and other gastric disorders Poly-phenolics
Plant sterols
β-sitosterol
Asteraceae Pellitory/Akarkara Anacyclus pyrethrum Root3 Stimulant, sialogogue, and rubefacient properties Glycosides
Phenolic acids
Lignans
Flavone glycosides
Chlorogenic acid
Sesamin
Orchidaceae Orchid/Salebpanja Orchis mascula Flower, tuber3 Tonic, aphrodisiac, yield a lot of mucilage with water and form a jelly that is supposed to be nutritious and useful in diarrhea, dysentery, and chronic fever Bitter principle and a volatile oil  
Asphodelaceae Onion weed/Jangli pyaz Asphodelus tenuifolius Bulb3, seed As diuretic and on inflammation Flavonoid Luteolin and its glycosides
  1. 1English name 2Hindi name 3Plant part used in this study