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Table 2 Effect of green tea polyphenols supplementation and Tai Chi exercise on blood chemistry in postmenopausal osteopenic women

From: Green tea polyphenols supplementation and Tai Chi exercise for postmenopausal osteopenic women: safety and quality of life report

  Treatment groups P(ANOVA)
Variables Placebo GTP Placebo+TC GTP+TC Time Time × GTP Time × TC Time × GTP × TC
Serum AST, U/L (reference range: 10-35 U/L) 0.431 0.678 0.599 0.437
Baseline 19.8 ± 4.3 21.2 ± 6.3 21.2 ± 5.9 19.3 ± 4.3     
4 week 19.8 ± 4.6 20.9 ± 4.8 21.4 ± 6.1 19.8 ± 4.5     
8 week 20.5 ± 5.7 22.1 ± 6.7 21.4 ± 5.8 20.8 ± 5.8     
12 week 19.9 ± 5.1 20.9 ± 5.8 22.1 ± 7.3 20.4 ± 5.1     
16 week 19.8 ± 4.4 22.6 ± 7.4 20.9 ± 6.9 20.3 ± 5.1     
20 week 19.3 ± 3.7 21.8 ± 6.9 22.7 ± 12.3 19.3 ± 3.5     
24 week 19.3 ± 4.2 20.2 ± 6.2 21.1 ± 7.2 20.3 ± 6.1     
Serum ALT, U/L (reference range: 6-60 U/L) 0.454 0.955 0.893 0.235
Baseline 16.9 ± 5.5 20.4 ± 10.1 19.0 ± 7.0 18.0 ± 6.9     
4 week 16.9 ± 4.8 19.2 ± 7.9 19.5 ± 6.6 18.5 ± 7.2     
8 week 17.4 ± 7.7 21.2 ± 10.9 20.4 ± 7.8 19.2 ± 9.9     
12 week 17.1 ± 6.4 19.9 ± 8.2 19.2 ± 9.0 19.9 ± 9.1     
16 week 17.1 ± 5.8 21.8 ± 11.7 19.7 ± 6.9 19.0 ± 8.1     
20 week 16.6 ± 5.2 21.6 ± 11.3 20.3 ± 9.4 18.1 ± 5.0     
24 week 16.9 ± 6.3 19.1 ± 9.9 18.5 ± 5.7 19.5 ± 10.2     
Serum Bil, mg/dL (reference: 0.2-1.2 mg/dL) 0.001 0.799 0.493 0.060
Baseline 0.58 ± 0.19 0.55 ± 0.19 0.65 ± 0.25 0.64 ± 0.26     
4 week 0.58 ± 0.23 0.59 ± 0.23 0.67 ± 0.27 0.63 ± 0.22     
8 week 0.57 ± 0.17 0.57 ± 0.21 0.68 ± 0.28 0.59 ± 0.25     
12 week 0.58 ± 0.16 0.53 ± 0.22 0.59 ± 0.30 0.60 ± 0.31     
16 week 0.58 ± 0.18 0.54 ± 0.18 0.62 ± 0.23 0.55 ± 0.22     
20 week 0.56 ± 0.21 0.56 ± 0.23 0.64 ± 0.28 0.57 ± 0.21     
24 week 0.56 ± 0.20 0.54 ± 0.20 0.60 ± 0.17 0.56 ± 0.23     
Serum ALP, U/L (reference range: 33-130 U/L) < 0.001 0.925 0.149 0.438
Baseline 75.3 ± 18.6 84.1 ± 19.9 81.6 ± 20.1 86.8 ± 25.2     
4 week 77.1 ± 17.7 85.6 ± 20.5 81.5 ± 23.4 86.8 ± 23.1     
8 week 75.2 ± 17.7 83.1 ± 22.9 85.2 ± 26.0 88.6 ± 25.4     
12 week 75.1 ± 18.0 83.2 ± 19.3 82.9 ± 24.8 87.7 ± 24.2     
16 week 71.6 ± 18.1 84.4 ± 22.2 80.8 ± 22.9 83.9 ± 21.1     
20 week 74.7 ± 19.3 84.6 ± 20.7 83.4 ± 22.1 87.0 ± 22.6     
24 week 72.3 ± 17.3 82.5 ± 20.3 80.9 ± 22.5 83.5 ± 20.7     
Serum Crt, mg/dL (reference range: 0.5-1.3 mg/dL) 0.001 0.230 0.605 0.884
Baseline 0.80 ± 0.13 0.82 ± 0.11 0.78 ± 0.14 0.79 ± 0.09     
4 week 0.82 ± 0.17 0.80 ± 0.10 0.79 ± 0.13 0.79 ± 0.10     
8 week 0.80 ± 0.13 0.80 ± 0.12 0.80 ± 0.23 0.80 ± 0.11     
12 week 0.82 ± 0.14 0.81 ± 0.11 0.80 ± 0.14 0.80 ± 0.10     
16 week 0.81 ± 0.13 0.83 ± 0.10 0.79 ± 0.13 0.82 ± 0.10     
20 week 0.82 ± 0.14 0.82 ± 0.11 0.81 ± 0.14 0.80 ± 0.11     
24 week 0.79 ± 0.13 0.80 ± 0.11 0.77 ± 0.12 0.79 ± 0.09     
Serum BUN, mg/dL (reference range: 7-25 mg/dL) 0.178 0.158 0.118 0.433
Baseline 15.1 ± 3.1 15.8 ± 3.8 15.6 ± 4.1 15.6 ± 3.7     
4 week 16.7 ± 4.9 15.8 ± 3.4 16.4 ± 4.3 15.6 ± 4.1     
8 week 15.8 ± 3.8 14.7 ± 3.4 15.6 ± 3.7 15.6 ± 3.7     
12 week 16.4 ± 3.4 15.4 ± 3.9 15.8 ± 4.6 15.2 ± 3.5     
16 week 15.3 ± 3.6 15.9 ± 4.0 16.7 ± 3.6 15.9 ± 3.4     
20 week 15.9 ± 3.7 16.4 ± 3.7 15.2 ± 3.5 15.3 ± 3.4     
24 week 15.7 ± 3.7 15.7 ± 3.7 15.9 ± 5.1 15.3 ± 3.5     
Serum Ca, mg/dL (reference range: 8.6-10.2 mg/dL) 0.005 0.721 0.076 0.883
Baseline 9.4 ± 0.4 9.4 ± 0.3 9.4 ± 0.2 9.5 ± 0.3     
4 week 9.5 ± 0.4 9.4 ± 0.4 9.4 ± 0.3 9.4 ± 0.4     
8 week 9.5 ± 0.5 9.4 ± 0.3 9.4 ± 0.3 9.5 ± 0.4     
12 week 9.5 ± 0.4 9.4 ± 0.5 9.4 ± 0.3 9.4 ± 0.5     
16 week 9.4 ± 0.4 9.4 ± 0.3 9.5 ± 0.4 9.5 ± 0.4     
20 week 9.5 ± 0.4 9.3 ± 0.4 9.4 ± 0.3 9.5 ± 0.3     
24 week 9.4 ± 0.4 9.3 ± 0.3 9.3 ± 0.3 9.3 ± 0.4     
Serum Pi, mg/dL (reference range: 2.5-4.5 mg/dL) 0.001 0.547 0.027 0.825
Baseline 3.7 ± 0.5 3.6 ± 0.6 3.7 ± 0.5 3.7 ± 0.4     
4 week 3.8 ± 0.5 3.6 ± 0.5 3.7 ± 0.5 3.7 ± 0.5     
8 week 3.7 ± 0.5 3.6 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.4     
12 week 4.0 ± 0.9 3.7 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.4     
16 week 3.7 ± 0.5 3.7 ± 0.5 3.9 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.5     
20 week 3.8 ± 0.4 3.7 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.5 3.7 ± 0.5     
24 week 3.7 ± 0.4 3.6 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.5 3.7 ± 0.4     
  1. GTP, green tea polyphenols; TC, Tai Chi; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; Bil, total bilirubin; ALP, alkaline phosphatase; Crt, creatinine; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; Ca, calcium; Pi, inorganic phosphorus.