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Table 3 Effects of M. micrantha aqueous extract on intestinal ion secretion in rats

From: Laxative activities of Mareya micrantha (Benth.) Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf aqueous extract in rats

Treatment Dose Na+(mg/L) K+(mg/L) Cl-(mg/L) Ca2+(mg/L)
Control 5 mL/kg 2.160 ± 0.27 0.196 ± 0.01 13.96 ± 1.69 0.478 ± 0.07
Castor oil 2 mL/rat 3.99 ± 0.66* 0.380 ± 0.5* 29.81 ± 2.03*** 0.782 ± 0.04**
MAR 100 mg/kg 2.288 ± 0.21 0.168 ± 0.02 15.68 ± 0.70 0.650 ± 0.06
MAR 200 mg/kg 2.566 ± 0.25 0.254 ± 0.03 19.86 ± 2.31 0.690 ± 0.02*
MAR 400 mg/kg 3.756 ± 0.50* 0.356 ± 0.06* 23.89 ± 2*** 0.748 ± 0.04**
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± S.E.M (n = 5); p < 0.05 ** compared to control group; **p < 0.01 compared to control group; and ***p < 0.001 compared to control group.