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Table 2 Percentage survival of cancer cell lines (CL-6, HepG2, Hep-2) treated with ethanolic extract from a total of 28 plants and 5 recipes used in Thai folklore medicine at the concentration of 50 μg/ml

From: Cytotoxic activity of Thai medicinal plants against human cholangiocarcinoma, laryngeal and hepatocarcinoma cells in vitro

Plant Cell line
  CL-6 HepG2 Hep-2
Atractylodes lancea 32.10 ± 3.72 93.80 ± 8.09 -1.38 ± 0.67
Mesua ferrea 35.67 ± 8.66 64.62 ± 2.92 12.55 ± 6.03
Kaempferia galangal (leaf) 36.74 ± 11.72 75.03 ± 17.78 5.65 ± 0.08
Ligusticum sinense Oliv 43.85 ± 6.73 69.74 ± 4.46 36.81 ± 15.56
Zingiber officinal 44.26 ± 8.93 80.65 ± 11.92 8.11 ± 10.97
Artemisia annua 46.56 ± 6.03 95.76 ± 11.35 33.48 ± 7.85
Kaempferia galangal (flower) 47.49 ± 5.95 69.36 ± 16.12 9.74 ± 0.07
Mimusops elengi 48.84 ± 0.62 109.99 ± 2.95 54.44 ± 3.24
Pra-Sa-Prao-Yhai Recipe 49.43 ± 8.75 79.55 ± 23.90 25.55 ± 5.32
Piper chaba 50.62 ± 3.10 72.25 ± 1.15 12.42 ± 7.99
Mammea siamensis 51.35 ± 3.89 29.17 ± 12.28 59.52 ± 44.80
Angelica sinensis 51.77 ± 7.53 81.94 ± 12.48 33.77 ± 9.19
Syzygium aromaticum 55.40 ± 0.51 72.51 ± 15.32 34.30 ± 21.33
Nigella sativa 58.02 ± 2.25 118.49 ± 6.33 43.68 ± 0.49
Curcuma longa 59.86 ± 6.49 13.87 ± 12.88 0.57 ± 0.80
Ben-ja-Kul 1 Recipe 61.33 ± 2.84 87.19 ± 6.98 33.12 ± 9.68
Foeniculum vulgare 61.62 ± 8.86 83.26 ± 4.78 50.55 ± 11.04
Anethum graveolens 63.28 ± 12.92 97.47 ± 7.40 55.11 ± 4.37
Ben-ja-Kul 2 Recipe 63.78 ± 5.15 93.02 ± 9.15 46.27 ± 4.00
Piper pendulispicum 64.94 ± 5.78 62.66 ± 16.28 25.60 ± 14.67
Myristica fragrans 66.11 ± 2.11 89.14 ± 20.97 33.00 ± 13.32
Piper sarmentosum 69.20 ± 4.39 81.95 ± 10.79 34.09 ± 8.96
Amomum testaceum 72.30 ± 11.24 90.74 ± 12.47 71.24 ± 2.10
Cuminum cyminum 74.07 ± 6.38 87.25 ± 19.06 39.28 ± 7.50
Zingiber ligulatum 74.68 ± 2.17 106.55 ± 14.23 44.14 ± 2.28
Dioscorea membranacea 76.05 ± 2.57 90.86 ± 16.65 59.90 ± 29.93
Plumbago indica 77.79 ± 14.31 61.83 ± 20.45 40.50 ± 13.52
Tein-5 Recipe 79.73 ± 2.56 89.61 ± 16.60 63.21 ± 3.74
Dracaena loureiri 81.29 ± 10.42 96.18 ± 5.81 20.97 ± 28.05
Asclepias curassavica 81.63 ± 3.99 87.47 ± 13.67 47.45 ± 5.01
Smilax corbularia 81.77 ± 9.61 147.02 ± 18.39 68.96 ± 13.38
Dioscorea membranacea &Smilax corbularia 82.31 ± 0.39 141.96 ± 14.64 76.64 ± 13.42
Angelica dahurica 85.16 ± 5.55 80.18 ± 13.41 48.68 ± 2.68
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD from 3 independent experiments, triplicate for each)