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Table 1 The plant species and recipes used in Thai traditional folklore which were investigated for cytotoxicity

From: Cytotoxic activity of Thai medicinal plants against human cholangiocarcinoma, laryngeal and hepatocarcinoma cells in vitro

Family Plant Part used Voucher specimen Thai traditional Use
Compositae Artemisia annua L.1 Rh SKP 051010101 Treatment of fever, hemorrhoids [31]
Compositae Atractylodes lancea (thung.) DC.1 Rh SKP 051011201 Treatment of fever, colds, flu, sore throat [31]
Cruciferae Asclepias curassavica L.1,4 Fl SKP 057121901 Used as analgesic [32]
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea membranacea Rh SKP 062041305 Treatment of cancer [16]
Dracaenaceae Dracaena loureiri Gagnep.1 St, Ba SKP 065041201 Treatment of cough, fever, inflammation [32]
Guttiferae Mammea siamensis Kosterm 1 Fl SKP 083131901 Restorative [31]
Guttiferae Mesua ferrea L 1 Fl SKP 083130601 Treatment of dyspepsia [31]
Myristicaceae Myristica fragrans Houtt.1 Sd SKP 121130601 Treatment of uterus pain, diarrhea [33]
Myrtaceae Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry 1 Fl SKP 123190101 Treatment of toothache, bacterial infection [32]
Nelumbonaceae Nigella sativa Linn.1,4 Sd SKP 160141901 Treatment of jaundice [32]
Piperaceae Piper chaba Linn 2,3 Fr SKP 146160301 Used as carminative, antidiarrheal [31]
Piperaceae Piper interruptum Opiz. 2,3 Lf SKP 146160901 Treatment of choke [31]
Piperaceae Piper sarmentosum Roxb.2,3 Rt SKP 146161901 Treatment of fever, toothache, cough, asthma [31]
Plumbaginaceae Plumbago indica Linn.2,3 Rt SKP 148160901 Treatment of rheumatism [32]
Smilacaceae Smilax corbularia Kunth Rh SKP 179190315 Treatment of cancer [16]
Sapotadeae Mimusops elengi L.1 Fl SKP 171130501 Used as cordial, tonic. Treatment of syncope [32]
Umbelliferae Angelica dahurica Benth.1 Rt SKP 199010401 Used as antipyretic, antiasthma, anticough [33]
Umbelliferae Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels 1 Rh SKP 199010901 Treatment of bronchitis pleurisy [33]
Umbelliferae Anethum graveolens L.1,4 Rt, Fr SKP 199010701 Used as carminative. Treatment of eye pain [32]
Umbelliferae Cuminum cyminum Linn.1,4 Sd SKP 199030301 Treatment of dyspepsia, diarrhoea and jaundice [31]
Umbelliferae Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. dulce Alef.1,4 Sd SKP 199062201 Used as analeptic [33]
Umbelliferae Ligusticum sinense Oliv. cv. Chuanxiong 1 Rh SKP 199121901 Treatment of urinary bladder channel, headache, neurodermatitis [32]
Zingiberaceae Amomum testaceum Ridl.1 Sd SKP 206011101 Used as carminative, antibacterial [33]
Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa Linn. Rh SKP 206012101 Treatment of cancer, high cholesterol, dyspepsia, gallstone [33]
Zingiberaceae Kaempferia galangal 1 Lf SKP 206110701 Antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory [33]
Zingiberaceae Zingiber officinale Roscoe.2 Rh SKP 206261501 Treatment of hypercholesteremia and high level triglyceride [33]
Zingiberaceae Zingiber ligulatum Roxb .3 Rh SKP 206261201 Used as anti-inflammatory [33]
- Dioscorea membranacea &Smilax corbularia - - Treatment of cancer [16]
- Ben-ja-Kul 1 Recipe - - Used as restorative [31]
- Ben-ja-Kul 2 Recipe - - Treatment of fever, cold [31]
- Pra-Sa-Prao-Yhai Recipe - - Used as restorative, anti-emetic, setting up proper digestive system, analeptic [31]
- Tein-5 Recipe - - Used as restorative, carminative [31]
  1. Plant parts: Fr: Fruits, Fl: Flower, Lf: leaves, Rt: Root, Rh: Rhizomes, Sd: Seed, St: Stem.1Composition in Pra-Sa-Prao-Yhai Recipe, 2Composition in Ben-ja-Kul 1 Recipe, 3Composition in Ben-ja-Kul 2 Recipe, 4Composition in Tein-5 Recipe