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Table 2 Associations Between Characteristics of Rheumatologists and Responses Regarding Perceived Benefit of Each CAM Therapy

From: What rheumatologists in the United States think of complementary and alternative medicine: results of a national survey

  OR (95% CI)a
Characteristic Spinal Manipulation Acupuncture Energy Medicine Meditation G ± C Body Work
Age (per 10 y) 0.8
(0.6-1.1)
0.8
(0.6-1.1)
0.8
(0.6-1.2)
0.8
(0.6-1.1)
1.0
(0.8-1.3)
0.9
(0.6-1.2)
Sex (Female) 1.5
(0.9-2.6)
1.4
(0.8-2.4)
2.0
(0.98-4.0)
2.6
(1.5-4.6)
2.3
(1.3-3.9)
2.2
(1.2-4.0)
Race (White) 1.1
(0.5-2.7)
0.8
(0.3-1.9)
1.4
(0.5-4.3)
1.7
(0.7-4.2)
0.7
(0.3-1.5)
1.4
(0.5-3.5)
Practice Setting (vs Solo) P = .45 P = .66 P = .87 P = .34 P = .25 P = .30
   Group 1.4
(0.8-2.4)
0.9
(0.5-1.6)
1.0
(0.6-2.0)
0.8
(0.5-1.4)
1.3
(0.8-2.2)
1.2
(0.7-2.1)
   Institutional/Other 1.0
(0.4-2.6)
0.6
(0.2-1.7)
1.1
(0.3-3.6)
1.2
(0.4-3.4)
1.0
(0.4-2.7)
2.4
(0.8-7.3)
   Academic 0.9
(0.5-1.8)
1.2
(0.6-2.3)
0.8
(0.4-1.7)
0.6
(0.3-1.1)
1.9
(1.0-3.6)
0.8
(0.4-1.7)
Region (vs Northeast) P = .98 P = .60 P = .59 P = .05 P = .63 P = .29
   South 1.0
(0.6-1.6)
0.9
(0.6-1.5)
0.9
(0.5-1.7)
1.7
(1.01-2.7)
1.7
(1.02-2.7)
1.9
(1.1-3.2)
   Midwest 0.9
(0.4-1.8)
0.7
(0.3-1.5)
0.6
(0.3-1.4)
0.7
(0.3-1.5)
1.7
(0.8-3.5)
1.2
(0.6-2.6)
   West 0.6
(0.3-1.4)
0.6
(0.3-1.5)
0.9
(0.3-2.3)
0.8
(0.4-1.9)
1.1
(0.5-2.5)
1.0
(0.4-2.6)
Place of Birth (not North America) 1.0
(0.5-2.2)
1.2
(0.6-2.5)
1.5
(0.6-3.7)
2.2
(1.02-4.5)
1.0
(0.5-2.1)
1.8
(0.8-4.0)
  1. Abbreviations: C, chondroitin; CAM, complementary and alternative medicine; CI, confidence interval; G, glucosamine; OR, odds ratio.
  2. a OR for an ordinal response of "very," "moderately," "not very," or "not at all" beneficial. Bolded entries indicate statistical significance.