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Table 2 Use of CAM by demographic characteristics of participants

From: Complementary and alternative medicine in the management of hypertension in an urban Nigerian community

Characteristic No (%) % Those using CAM (N = 128) % Those not using CAM (N = 312) P*
Age     
   Mean (SD) 59.7 (11.7) 58.6 (10.6) 60.1 (12.1) 0.211
Sex     
   Male 153 (34.8) 51.6 27.9  
   Female 287 (65.2) 48.4 72.1 <0.0001+
Marital status     
   Single 9 (2.1) 2.3 1.9  
   Married 312 (70.9) 80.5 67.0  
   Widowed 108 (24.6) 14.1 28.9  
   Divorced/Separated 11 (2.5) 3.1 2.2 0.015+
Religion**     
   Islam 270 (61.4) 66.4 59.3  
   Christianity 169 (38.4) 33.6 40.4 0.176
Educational Level     
   No formal Education 225 (51.1) 52.3 50.6  
   Primary 86 (19.5) 17.2 20.8  
   Secondary 49 (11.1) 10.2 11.2  
   Post Secondary 77 (17.5) 19.5 16.7  
   Others (Arabic school) 3 (0.7) 0.8 0.6 0.500
Occupation     
   Trading 220 (50.0) 43.0 52.9  
   Artisan 49 (11.1) 14.8 9.6  
   Teaching/Civil Servant 43 (9.8) 10.2 8.7  
   Retired/not working 113 (25.7) 25.0 26.0  
Religious Teachers 15 (3.4) 7.0 2.8 0.029+
  1. *P value for chi-square test, except for age (Student's t test)
  2. **Excludes 1 person practising neither religion
  3. + p < 0.05