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Table 1 Native New Zealand plants screened for activity against M. smegmatis.

From: Native New Zealand plants with inhibitory activity towards Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Plant name (common) Part Documented Traditional Medicinal Use
Adiantum raddianum (Delta maidenhair fern) Leaf ni
Agathis australis (Kauri) Leaf ni
Arthropodium cirratum (New Zealand rock lily) Leaf Ulcers [29]
Asplenium bulbiferum (Hen and chicken fern) Leaf ni
Beilschmiedia tawa (Tawa) Leaf Sore throat, colds, cough [22]
Blechnum fluviatile (Kiwikiwi) Leaf Sore tongue and mouth [30]
Brachyglottis repanda (Rangiora) Leaf Wounds, ulcers and boils [30]
Carpodetus serratus (Marble leaf) Leaf ni
Clianthus puniceus (Kakabeak) Leaf ni
Cordyline australis (Cabbage tree) Leaf Dysentery, diarrhoea and sores [30]
Cortaderia toetoe (Toetoe) Shoot Diarrhoea, bladder complaints [23, 31]
Cyathea dealbata (Ponga) Fronds Treat boils [32]
Dacrydium cupressinum (Rimu) Leaf Treat sores [22]
Dracophyllum longifolium (Inanga) Leaf ni
Dodonaea viscosa (Ake ake) Leaf Treat sore throats and skin irritations [33]
Dysoxylum spectabile (Kohekohe) Leaf Relieve coughing, colds and fevers [33]
Exocarpus bidwilli Leaf ni
  Seed ni
Hebe stricta (Koromiko) Leaf Skin problems, ulcers, diarrhoea, dysentery, kidney and bladder complaints [33]
  Flower ni
Hymenophyton flabellatum (Liverwort) Leaf ni
Knightia excelsa (Rewarewa) Leaf Relieve coughing [22]
Kunzea ericoides (Kanuka) Leaf Relieve pain, headaches and coughs [22]
Laurelia novae-zelandiae (Pukatea) Inner bark Sores, ulcers, toothache and tuberculosis [23, 30, 32]
  Bark Treat sores, skin conditions, venereal disease [29]
  Leaf Toothache [22]
Leptospermum scoparium (Manuka) Leaf Colds, pains, urinary troubles [30]
  Flower ni
Lophomyrtus bullata (Ramarama) Leaf Treat bruises [22]
Macropiper excelsum (Kawakawa) Leaf Rheumatism, arthritis, diuretic, bruises and chest difficulties [32, 34]
Melicytos ramiflorus (Mahoe) Leaf Treat rheumatism and stomach wounds [30]
Meryta sinclairii (Puka) Leaf ni
Metrosideros excelsa (Pohutukawa) Leaf ni
  Flower Sore throats [23, 30]
Metrosideros robusta (Northern Rata) Leaf ni
Metrosideros umbellata (Southern Rata) Leaf ni
Myoporum laetum (Ngaio) Leaf Bruises and infected wounds [30]
  Leaf Bruises and wounds
Nothofagus fusca (Red beech) Leaf ni
Paesia scaberula (Lace fern) Leaf ni
Phormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Leaf Treat cuts and constipation [28]
Pittosporum tenuifolium (Kohuhu) Leaf Eczema and other skin diseases, fever and chills [22]
Plagiochila stephensoniana (Liverwort) Leaf ni
Pseudopanax arboreus (Five finger) Leaf ni
Pseudopanax crassifolius (Lancewood) Leaf ni
Pteridium esculentum (Bracken) Leaf Antiseptic, treats sores [33]
Rubus cissoides (Bush lawyer) Leaf Chest congestion, coughs and sore throats [30]
Schefflera digitata (Seven finger) Leaf ni
Sophora microphylla (Kowhai) Leaf Wounds, back, abdominal and internal pains [32]
Urtica ferox (Stinging nettle) Leaf ni
Vitex lucens (Puriri) Leaf Backache, ulcers, and sore throats [30]
Weinmannia racemosa (Kamahi) Leaf ni
  1. ni = no information available.