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Table 1 Constipation questionnaire and baseline characteristics (n = 20; 19 female)

From: Randomized clinical trial of a phytotherapic compound containing Pimpinella anisum, Foeniculum vulgare, Sambucus nigra, and Cassia augustifolia for chronic constipation

Question Answer (%)
Q1. Have you evacuated in the last 24 hours? Yes 45
  No 55
Q2. What is the usual consistency of your feces?* Type 1-3 55
  Type 4 15
  Type 5-7 25
  Missing 5
Q3. Have you made any straining when trying to evacuate in the last 24 hours? Yes 75
  No 20
  Missing 5
Q4. What was the level of straining in the last 24 hours? Severe 38
  Moderate 44
  Mild 13
  Missing 6
Q5. Do you have any history of anorectal obstruction? Yes 15
  No 85
Q6. Do you have any history of incomplete evacuation? Yes 95
  No 5
Q7. Do you have any history of abdominal discomfort? Yes 100
Q8. Do you think you have spent too much time trying to evacuate in the last 24 hours? Yes 20
  No 80
Q9. How do you define your bowel function? Very bad 20
  Bad 65
  More or less 10
  Good 5
  1. * Bristol Stool Form Scale. Not applicable for 4 patients (Q3 = No) (n = 16).